In Latin II,
students develop the ability to comprehend written Latin texts with more
complex linguistic structures. The first strand of the Latin Standards of
Learning focuses on interpretation of texts because the focus is on
comprehension rather than person-to-person communication. Students
understand adapted and/or authentic Latin from original sources. To
support the development of reading skills, students continue to use and
understand some oral Latin and write simple phrases and sentences.
Students also learn about the perspectives, practices, and products of the
ancient Romans as reflected in areas such as Roman architecture, art, and
history. Students compare these cultural and historical elements to their
own culture and find examples of the influence of Greco-Roman cultures in
their own world. They also compare the effects of the geography of the
ancient Roman world and that of the United States on aspects of culture,
such as food, dwellings, clothing, and art.
Reading for Understanding
The student will understand written Latin texts based on various
Read for information.
Recognize the difference between giving literal meaning and
Demonstrate expanded knowledge of vocabulary and recognition of
additional syntactical structures essential to comprehension.
Using Oral and Written Language
LII.2 The student will
continue to use Latin orally and listen to and write Latin as part of the
Read Latin aloud with consistent pronunciation, meaningful phrase
grouping, and appropriate voice inflection.
Initiate and respond appropriately to oral and written questions,
statements, and commands.
Compose Latin sentences with expanded vocabulary and structures.
Practices, and Products
The student will demonstrate understanding of the perspectives,
practices, and products of Roman culture and the ways these cultural
aspects are interrelated.
Describe cultural characteristics and behaviors of the Romans, such
as marriage and funeral customs, leisure activities, games, entertainment,
Examine the influence of legendary and historical figures and/or
events, such as Cincinnatus, Horatius, and the expulsion of the kings, on
Examine the ways geography, history, and major cities, such as
Carthage and the Punic Wars, and Athens and Greek culture, influenced the
practices and perspectives of the Romans.
Demonstrate knowledge of the architectural styles, art forms, and
artifacts of the Romans as evidence of their cultural perspectives.
Examine important myths of Greco-Roman origin, such as Ulysses and
craftiness, and Mars as patron god of Rome, and their influence on Roman
Participate in simulated cultural activities, such as family
celebrations, sports and entertainment, and festivals.
Making Connections through
The student will use information acquired in the study of Latin and
information acquired in other subject areas to reinforce one another.
Give examples of the influence of the Latin language and Roman
culture in other subject areas, such as the contributions of Roman
architects to the world.
Compare and contrast information acquired in other subject areas to
topics discussed in Latin class, such as people and events of the Roman
Cultural and Linguistic
The student will demonstrate understanding of cultural similarities
and differences between the Roman world and the United States.
Compare and contrast traditions and customs of ancient Rome and the
United States, such as those related to marriage, funerals, leisure
activities, games, entertainment, and meals.
Compare and contrast the legends and history of ancient Rome with
those of the United States, such as Cincinnatus and George Washington.
Compare and contrast the effects of the geography of the ancient
Roman world and of the United States on aspects of culture, such as food,
dwellings, clothing, and art.
The student will develop a deeper understanding of the English
language through study of the Latin language.
Expand knowledge of English vocabulary by noting the relationship
of Latin words to their English derivatives.
Compare and contrast structural patterns of Latin and English.
Compare the use of idiomatic expressions in Latin and English.
Communication across Communities
The student will apply knowledge of the Latin language and
Greco-Roman culture in opportunities beyond the classroom setting for
recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.
Present examples of the Latin language and Greco-Roman culture
evident in media, entertainment, and occupations.
Use resources, such as individuals and organizations in the
community or accessible through
the Internet, to reinforce cultural understanding of the Greco-Roman